Eating Disorders Are All Too Common
Eating disorders seem to be an assumed fact whenever you hear the word 'supermodel.' Eating is controlled by many factors, including appetite, food availability, family, peer, and cultural practices, and attempts at voluntary control.
Dieting to a body weight leaner than needed for health is highly promoted by current fashion trends, sales campaigns for special foods, and in some activities and professions.
Disorders involve serious disturbances in eating behavior, such as extreme and unhealthy reduction of food intake or severe overeating, as well as feelings of distress or extreme concern about body shape or weight.
Researchers are investigating how and why initially voluntary behaviors, such as eating smaller or larger amounts of food than usual, at some point move beyond control in some people and develop into an eating disorder.
Studies on the basic biology of appetite control and its alteration by prolonged overeating or starvation have uncovered enormous complexity, but in the long run have the potential to lead to new pharmacologic treatments for disorders.
Disorders in eating are not due to a failure of will or behavior; rather, they are real, treatable medical illnesses in which certain maladaptive patterns of eating take on a life of their own.
Disorders frequently develop during adolescence or early adulthood, but some reports indicate their onset can occur during childhood or later in adulthood.
Disorders frequently co-occur with other psychiatric disorders such as depression, substance abuse, and anxiety disorders.
In addition, people who suffer from a disorder can experience a wide range of physical health complications, including serious heart conditions and kidney failure which may lead to death. Recognition of an eating disorder as real and treatable diseases, therefore, is critically important.
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